Select Beowulf Bibliography

Anderson, Carolyn. “Gæst, Gender, and Kin in Beowulf: Consumption of the Boundaries.” The Heroic Age 5 (2001). 2 April 2006 <;.

Andersson, Theodore. “The Thief in Beowulf.” Speculum 59 (1984): 493-508.

Arent, Margaret. “The Heroic Pattern: Old Germanic Helmets, Beowulf, and Grettis saga.” Old Norse Literature and Mythology. Ed. E. C. Polome. Austin: University of Texas Press: Ithaca, N.Y., 1993. 130-199.

Bandy, Stephen. “Cain, Grendel, and the Giants of Beowulf.” Papers on Language and Literature 9 (1973): 235-249.

Baudrillard, Jean. Symbolic Exchange and Death. Iain Hamilton Grant, trans. London: Sage Publications, 2004.

Baudrillard, Jean. “For a Critique of the Political Economy of the Sign.” Selected Writings. Mark Poster, ed. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988. 57-97.

Bazelmans, Jos. By Weapons Made Worthy: Lords, Retainers, and their Relationships in Beowulf. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1999.

Berger, Harry Jr. and H. Marshall Leicester, Jr. “The Limits of Heroism in Beowulf.”
Old English Studies in Honor of John C. Pope. Robert B. Burlin and Edward B. Irving, Jr., eds. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1974. 37-79.

Bjork, Robert E. “Speech as Gift in Beowulf.” Speculum 69 (1994): 993-1022.

Bonjour, Adrien. “Monsters Crouching and Critics Rampant: Or the Beowulf Dragon Debated.” PMLA 68 (1953): 304-312.

Bradley, James. “Sorcerer or Symbol?: Weland the Smith in Anglo-Saxon Sculpture and Verse.” Pacific Coast Philology 25.1/2 (1990): 39-48.
Chadwick, Nora K. “The Monsters and Beowulf.” The Anglo-Saxons: Studies in Some Aspects of Their History and Culture Presented to Bruce Dickens. Ed. Peter Clemoes. London, Bowes and Bowes, 1959. 171-203.

–. “Norse Ghosts (A Study in the Draugr and the Haugbui).” Folklore 57.2 (1946): 50-65.

–. “Norse Ghosts II (Continued).” Folklore 57.3 (1946): 106-127.

Chambers, R.W. Beowulf: An Introduction to the Study of the Poem with a Discussion of the Stories of Offa and Finn. 3rd ed. with supplement by C.L. Wrenn. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1959.

Chase, Colin, ed. The Dating of Beowulf. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997.

Cheal, David. The Gift Economy. London: Routledge, 1988.

Chickering, Howell, ed. Beowulf: a Dual-Language Edition. New York: Doubleday, 1977.

Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome. “Hybrids, Monsters, Borderlands: The Bodies of Gerald of Wales.” The Postcolonial Middle Ages. Palgrave, 2000. 85-103.

—. Of Giants: Sex, Monsters, and the Middle Ages. Medieval Cultures 17. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1999.

—, ed. “Preface: In a Time of Monsters.” Monster Theory: Reading Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.

Davidson, H.R. Ellis. “The Hill of the Dragon: Anglo-Saxon Burial Mounds in Literature and Archaeology.” Folklore 61.4 (1950): 169-185.

—. “Shape-Changing in the Old Norse Sagas.” Animals in Folklore. J.R. Porter and W.M.S. Russell, eds. Ipswich: D.S. Brewer Ltd, 1978.

—. The Sword in Anglo-Saxon England: Its Archaeology and Literature. Oxford: Boydell & Brewer, 1962.

—. “Weland the Smith.” Folklore 69.3 (1958): 145-159.

Donahue, Charles. “Potlatch and Charity: Notes on the Heroic in Beowulf.” Anglo-Saxon Poetry: Essays in Appreciation for John C. McGalliard. Lewis E. Nicholson and Dolores Warwick Frese, eds. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1975. 23-40.

Dragland, S.L. “Monster-Man in Beowulf.” Neophilologus 61.4 (1977): 606-618.
Earl, James. Thinking about Beowulf. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994.

Egils saga. Trans. W. C. Green. London: Elliot Stock, 1893. Northvegr Foundation. 12 Dec. 2006 <;.

“Eyrbyggja Saga.” The Saga Library, Vol. II: The Story Of The Ere-Dwellers. William Morris & Eirikr Magnusson, trans. London: Bernard Quaritch, 1892. The Online Medieval and Classical Library. January 1998. 2 November 2006 <;.

Fink, Bruce. The Lacanian Subject: Between Language and Jouissance. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1995.

“The Franks Casket.” The British Museum. Compass Collections Online. 14 September 2006 <;.

Georgianna, Linda. “King Hrethel’s Sorrow and the Limits of Heroic Action in Beowulf.” Speculum 62 (1987): 829-850.

“Grettis saga.” Hight, G.H., trans. London, 1914. The Online Medieval and Classical Library. June 1995. 15 November 2006 <;.

Griffith, M.S. “Some Difficulties in Beowulf, Lines 874-902: Sigemund Reconsidered.” Anglo-Saxon England 24 (1995): 11-41.

Hall, J.R. Clark. A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. Medieval Academy Reprints for Teaching 14. 4th ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1960.

Harris, Richard L. “The Deaths of Grettir and Grendel: A New Parallel.” Scripta Islandica 24 (1973): 25-53.

Heaney, Seamus, trans. Beowulf: A Verse Translation. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2002.

Hill, John M. The Cultural World of Beowulf. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995.

Hume, Kathryn. “The Theme and Structure of Beowulf.” SPh 72 (1975): 1-27.

Hyde, Lewis. The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property. New York: Vintage Books, 1983.

Isaacs, Neil D. “The Convention of Personification in Beowulf.” Old English Poetry: Fifteen Essays. Robert P. Creed, ed. Providence: Brown University Press. 215-248.

Joy, Eileen. “James W. Earl’s ‘Thinking About Beowulf’: Ten Years Later.” Heroic Age 8 (2005). 11 September 2006 <>.

Kaske, R.E. “Beowulf and the Book of Enoch.” Speculum 46 (1971): 421-431.

—. “The Eotenas in Beowulf.” Old English Poetry. Robert P. Creed, ed. Brown, 1967.

Kiessling, Nicolas. “Grendel: A New Aspect.” Modern Philology 65.3 (1968): 191-201.

Klaeber, Fr., ed. Beowulf and the Fight at Finnsburg. 2nd ed. Boston: D.C. Heath & Co. Publishers, 1922.

Larrington, Carolyne, trans. “Sayings of the High One.” The Poetic Edda. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. 14-38.

Lerer, Seth. “Grendel’s Glove.” ELH 61 (1994): 721-751.

Leyerle, John. “The Interlace Structure of Beowulf.” Beowulf: A Verse Translation. Trans. Seamus Heaney. Ed. Daniel Donoghue. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2002. 130-152.

Liuzza, Roy M., trans. Beowulf: A New Verse Translation. Ontario, Canada: Broadview Press, 2000.

Mauss, Marcel. The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies. W.D. Halls, trans. New York: W.W. Norton, 1990.

Miller, Jacques-Alain. “Extimité.” Lacanian Theory of Discourse: Subject, Structure, and Society. Ed. Mark Bracher. New York: NYU Press, 1994. 74-87.

Miller, William Ian. “Gift, Sale, Payment, Raid: Case Studies in the Negotiation and Classification of Exchange in Medieval Iceland.” Speculum 61 (1986): 18-50.

Mittman, Asa Simon. Maps and Monsters in Medieval England. New York: Routledge, 2006.

—. “Headless Men and Hungry Monsters: The Anglo-Saxons and their ‘Others.’” The Sarum Seminar, Palo Alto, March 2003. 12 March 2006 <>.

Niles, John D. Beowulf: The Poem and Its Tradition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.

—. “Locating Beowulf in Literary History.” Exemplaria 5.1 (1993): 79-109.
O’Keefe, Kathleen O’Brien. “Beowulf, Lines 702b-836: Transformations and the Limits of the Human.” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 23:4 (1981): 484-494.

Orchard, Andy. A Critical Companion to Beowulf. Suffolk: St Edmundsbury Press, 2003.

—. Pride and Prodigies: Studies in the Monsters of the Beowulf Manuscript. Suffolk: St Edmundsbury Press Ltd, 1995.

Overing, Gillian. Language, Sign, and Gender in Beowulf. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1990.

Owen, Gale R. Rites and Religions of the Anglo-Saxons. New Jersey: Barnes & Noble Books, 1981.

The Oxford English Dictionary. 4 Feb. 2007. <;.

Pettitt, Thomas. “Beowulf: The Mark of the Beast and the Balance of Frenzy.” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 77 (1976): 526-535.

The Poetic Edda. Trans. Carolyne Larrington. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

The Prose Edda. Rasmus B. Anderson, trans. Chicago: Scott, Foresman & Co., 1897. 11 October 2006 <;.

Puhvel, Martin. Beowulf and Celtic Tradition. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfreed Laurier University Press, 1979.

“Riddle 51.” The Exeter Book. The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies. Georgetown University. 1 Dec. 1995. 17 Feb 2007 <;.

Robinson, Fred. “The Tomb of Beowulf.” Beowulf: A Verse Translation. Trans. Seamus Heaney. Ed. Daniel Donoghue. New York: W.W. Norton, 2002. 181-197.

Rogers, H.L. “Beowulf’s Three Great Fights.” An Anthology of Beowulf Criticism. Lewis Nicholson, ed. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1963. 233-256.

Rosier, James. “The Uses of Association: Hands and Feasts in Beowulf.” PMLA 78 (1963): 8-14.

The Saga of Thidrek of Bern. Trans. Edward R. Haymes. New York: Garland, 1988.
Sayers, William. “The Alien and Alienated as Unquiet Dead in the Sagas of the Icelanders.” Monster Theory: Reading Culture. Jeffrey Jerome Cohen, ed. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996. 242-263.

Schucking, Levin. “The Ideal of Kingship in Beowulf.” An Anthology of Beowulf Criticism. Lewis E. Nicholson, ed. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1963.

Sharma, Manish. “Metalepsis and Monstrosity: The Boundaries of Narrative Structure in Beowulf.” Studies in Philology 102.3 (2005): 247-279.

Shildrick, Margrit. Embodying the Monster: Encounters With the Vulnerable Self. London: Sage, 2002.

Sisam, Kenneth. The Structure of Beowulf. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965.

Slade, Benjamin, trans. Beowulf. Beowulf on Steorarume (Beowulf in Cyberspace). 1 Oct. 2006. 5 Jan 2007 <;.

Souers, Philip Webster. “The Wayland Scene on the Franks Casket.” Speculum 18.1 (1943): 104-111.

Stevens, Martin. “The Structure of Beowulf: from Gold-Hoard to Word-Hoard.” Modern Language Quarterly, 39.3 (1978): 219-238.

Stenton, Frank.M. Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Surber-Meyer, Nida-Louise. Gift and Exchange in the Anglo-Saxon Poetic Corpus. Geneva: Slatkine, 1994.

Swanton, Michael James. Crisis and Development in Germanic Society, 700-800: Beowulf and the Burden of Kingship. Göppingen: Kümmerle Verlag, 1982.

Taylor, Paul Beekman. “The Traditional Language of Treasure in Beowulf.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 85 (1986): 191-205.

Thieme, Adelheid, L.J. “Gift Giving as a Vital Element of Salvation in ‘The Dream of the Rood’.” South Atlantic Review 63 (1998): 108-123.

Thormann, Janet. “Beowulf and the Enjoyment of Violence.” Literature and Psychology 43.1/2 (1997): 65-76.

Tolkien, J.R.R. “Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics.” Beowulf: A Verse Translation. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., Inc., 2002. 103-130.

The Volsunga Saga. Trans. Eirikr Magnusson and William M. Morris. London: Norroena Society, 1906. 332-340.

Webster, Leslie. “Archaeology and Beowulf.” Beowulf: A Verse Translation. Seamus Heaney, trans. Daniel Donaghue, ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2002.

Whitelock, Dorothy. The Beginnings of English Society. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1966.

Williamson, Craig, trans. “Texts and Translations.” The Kalamazoo Riddle Group. 17 Mar. 2001. 17 Feb. 2007 <;.

Wyatt, A.J., ed. Beowulf with the Finnsburg Fragment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Wymer, Thomasm and Erin Labbie. “Civilized Rage in Beowulf.” The Heroic Age 7 (2004). 2 Feb. 2007 <;.

Zoega, Geir. A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910. 15 February 2007 <;.

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